The British Society of Australian Philately
The National BSAP Website can be accessed by clicking this link:- www.bsap.org.uk/pages/programme.html
Saturday 30th September 2017
Members displays at HAMPEX, the Hampshire Philatelic Federation Convention to be held at Wickham Community Centre, Wickham, Hants. All members and guests are very welcome.
The British Society of Australian Philately : South West Section
Below is the programme for 2017-2018
Reports on Meetings of the BSAP South West Section at Ringwood
Saturday 8th April 2017
Colin Tabeart - "Australia and New Zealand 19th Century Overseas Mail"
(Report and images to follow)
Saturday 4th February 2017
Malcolm Price - "Australian Forces in Northern Territory during World War II"
Tony Finlayson - "Australian Civil Internees during World War II"
Fifteen members gathered at Ringwood to see a display by Malcolm Price entitled the "Australian Forces in Northern Territory during WWII. Malcolm started the first half by showing the postmarks associated with the Darwin Overland Maintenance Force and continued with the Post Master General’s civilian operated Post Offices. With the bombing of Darwin in February 1942, the civilian authorities were moved from Darwin to Alice Springs and the whole area north of Birdum came under military control. The presentation continued with a selection of the military cancellations from points on the Stuart Highway between Alice Springs and Darwin. Examples were shown of the many styles of steel and rubber cancellations together with examples of mixed censorship, both civilian and military. Malcolm concluded with examples of RAAF cancellations, including those from the Netherlands East Indies Air Force together with the Darwin marks of the RAN.
Saturday 12th November 2016
Alan Griffiths FRPSL., FBSAP- “Queensland Postal Stationery”
Eighteen members and guests gathered at the Greyfriars Community Centre at Ringwood to be entertained by Past President Alan Griffiths, who was over from his other abode in South Africa to present “Queensland Postal Stationery 1880 - 1912. Alan started by saying that Postal Stationery in some way bridges the gap between stamp collecting and postal history which is the study of 'routes and rates' in that items of stationery are actually pre-stamped for a particular rate and in a few cases a particular route. In some cases additional postage was required for transmission outside the prescribed destinations for the cards which was quite often restricted to within the Colony. Reply cards, which are an unusual concept and were introduced in 1891 were displayed ,the original concept of a pair of unsevered cards were illustrated with the only recorded example of a proof pair. Post cards and illustrations of all issues to 1912 were shown with proofs and essays and in both used and unused condition and Alan had included examples of the post card essays of c.1910 bearing various stamp designs. The 1908 cards - the first commemorative issue post card issued simultaneously in many of the Colonies - to publicise the visit of the American 6th.Fleet to were shown used, unused and uprated.
Newspaper wrappers were comprehensively covered and included the only known example of an inverted image, being the only known copy from any of the Colonies. The range of different issues to 1910 was very impressive. Letter cards with examples of all the proofs and essays were displayed with many of the rare perforation and card varieties including some very scarce genuine uses of return cards even though they were used much later than was intended ! A range of envelopes were included including the rare commercial use of a large halfpenny envelope, the display concluded with a range of Registered envelopes which may not have had postage prepaid but apparently quite admissible because the registration fee was pre-paid and they are considered an important part of the history of Queensland's postal stationery.
South West Chairman Colin Mount congratulated Alan on a very fine display and added that Alan has nearly finished his book on this subject, which has been much neglected over the years, and the Society had agreed to support the publication which we can only look forward to with great expectations having seen this display.(colin mount)
Saturday 2nd April 2016
Laurence Kimpton- "Our President Entertains"
The afternoon’s meeting attended by 23 members comprised two topics. The first “The England to Australia Air Route from 1918 to 1939” started by featuring the early pioneers and their aircraft, and the various developing routes and airlines that mail was flown along, influenced by political and geographical factors. The talk was illustrated with copious extraordinary examples of covers flown on these varied routes, each with its own significant interest to those who had been involved in preparing the covers in the first place, to now, their avid collectors. The aircraft “Carthusian” was featured in the early part of the talk. Three notable covers were a mourning cover in tribute to Arthur Elliott, a pilot shot whilst overflying Iraq on a 1926 Cairo to Baghdad flight, a cover bearing a stamp designed by the pilot of the plane (his portrait), and a cover from Great Britain’s Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald to J A Lyons, his Australian counterpart, with no stamp as it was freepost. The introduction of passenger services from 1935, and the following year the introduction of the C Class flying boat, led to further examples of covers carried being displayed illustrating the many routes, services and rates.
“Australian World War II Airmails” was the theme for the second half, again superbly illustrated with mainly commercial mail examples. First flights, varying routes, different rates and special covers relating to the War were displayed. Examples of Prisoner and Red Cross concessionary mail were included. The display ended with a souvenir sheet, and the story behind it, carried on one of the route survey flights, and the rather strange postage used on the first of the war planes converted for postal usage. Regular air services from Australia to Europe via Singapore resumed in 1946.
Saturday 6th February 2016
Dr. Andrew Mortlock - "A Look at Australian States"
Despite the awful gales and rain 18 folk turned up at Ringwood to witness a quite remarkable display given by Dr Andrew Mortlock from Cheshire who entertained us with his presentation entitled "A Look at Australian States". Andrew started his presentation saying his collection comprises of some 2000 sheets of Australian States which includes stamps and postal stationery. New South Wales and Queensland are the strongest parts of the collection although the later issues of Victoria and the Tasmanian pictorials are also covered in some detail. He went on to say that the scope for building an interesting collection of the later States issues remains a huge attraction with material significantly undervalued and it is possible to acquire both large quantities of stamps and large unused multiples at very reasonable prices. Andrew went on to say, don't be misled by catalogue prices, he can remember the shock of finding a stamp catalogued at just £40 was one of less then twenty copies known.
Andrew then explained that in selecting material for the display he had identified twelve different subjects which he hoped would provide sufficient diversity for people to find at least a few items that would be of interest to them.
The first frame of the afternoon displayed the the New South Wales 2d (1862-88) a classic De La Rue design of the early 1860s, the 2d was initially printed in London but the Plate was sent to Sydney and the vast majority of stamps were printed in the Colony. A wide range of papers were used before the introduction of the Crown/NSW paper in the early 1870s. After 1880 there are numerous variations in perforation, many of which are rare. Both mint and used examples were shown of this stamp which included a block of 40 overprinted 'OS' for official mail.
This was followed with the New South Wales 'Record Reign' 2½d (1897-1912) which was famously voted to be the second ugliest stamp in the British Empire in 1905. The distinctive 2½d was a winning entry in the competition to design a set of stamps to mark Queen Victoria's 'record reign' The first plate was prepared from a boxwood die although the next two plates were prepared from a more conventional steel die. Amongst the items on display were a large block from the first printing in purple from plate 1, and stamps from the emergency printing on Victorian paper including a used pair and a block of six with unrecorded reversed watermark.
The third frame moved to Queensland with the 'Widowed Queen' Halfpenny (1897-1912). Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee was also the impetus to issue a commemorative stamp in Queensland and a design was prepared for a halfpenny stamp. Although this commemorative was never issued, a modified form of the design was finally issued in 1899. Items on show included die proofs of the original 1837 issue together with plate proofs of the final design which included the unique postally used pair and a full sheet of 120 showing the make-up from four separate electros of 40.
Andrew then moved onto the Queensland 'Four Figures' 1d (1897-1912). The most numerous of all Queensland stamps, the 1d in its final form was issued in 1897 and lasted to the end of 1912. Technically this is a fascinating issue with numerous perforation varieties and secondary flaws from the nine plates believed to have been used. Several major flaws were displayed with a selection of rouletted stamps including the largest recorded mint and used blocks of the rare perforated/rouletted stamps (SG 261). We then moved onto the Victoria Five Shilling Laureate (1867-1912). This issue used the Laureate head engraved by Frederick Grosse. The first two printings were made in blue on pale yellow paper with less then three thousand stamps being produced. Subsequently stamps were printed in red and blue before the stamp was replaced in 1885. In 1901 the stamps were re-issued with the colours reversed before, in its final incarnation, the word 'Postage' was added to the design.Examples of all the various colours were displayed.
This was followed with the Victoria One Penny (1901/1912) One of the most interesting of Commonwealth issues, this stamp was printed from 24 different plates, on four different types of paper and can be found with at least five different types of perforation. Add to this watermark variations, official stamps, booklet stamps, monograms, shade variations and a number of sub-types and it provides the collector with a lifetime's study. Examples of all the above were displayed together with a corner block of four with single-line gauge 11 perforation on V4 paper showing plate dots in marginal line which has not been recorded.
Andrew then went onto look at Reprints. Official reprints are known from many of the Colonies from the period after 1891 when they joined the UPU. Victoria went to the greatest lengths, producing many new plates to be able to produce UPU specimens of stamps long since withdrawn. A number of unofficial reprints were made illicitly with the aim of supplying collectors although some, such as the van Dyck reprints from New South Wales are much sought after in their own right. Examples of reprints from most of the Colonies were shown including a complete set of the New South Wales 'Reprint' stamps issued around 1891. Proof material was then presented, this type of material is both varied, and with the exception of plate proofs from Queensland and South Australia very rare. Examples of Master Die Proofs Plate Proofs and colour trials were shown together with Specimens for local Officials for New South Wales and Victorian later issues.
Next up, Andrew showed us the One Pound and Two Pound values (1880-1912) and stated that these high values have always been sought after by philatelists, partly because of the very small number of stamps issued. However, compared to the later 'kangaroo and map' stamps the high value stamps from the Australian States are much more affordable although still very rare, with many difficult to find in genuine postally used condition. Postally used £1 stamps were shown from New South Wales, Tasmania and Western Australia. The Queensland large Chalon design including a very rare example of the 1902 printing with retouch (SG271b) and a complete used sheet in 1902 to pay bulk postage. A rare postally used example of the South Australia £2 together with a number of examples of the Victoria King Edward V11 design including a rare example of the £2 postally used.
Andrew then moved on to the first issues of New South Wales and Queensland (1850-61), stating the early issues of each of the colonies have always been popular with collectors. The New South Wales Sydney views are a fascinating story of locally produced copper plates which rapidly wore requiring numerous re-engravings. By contrast the earliest Queensland stamps were printed in London and are amongst the most beautiful recess printed Perkins Bacon Stamps. Andrew then showed us a near comprehensive display of the listed shades of the 1d, 2d and 3d Sydney views including examples with partial retouches. A 2d Sydney View on paper showing the papermaker's watermark together with examples of the 2d and 3d Sydney Views on cover and examples of the 1d, 2d and 6d on Large Star paper, including the imperf 2d (RPSL certificate) and the rare perforated 1d.
We were then shown examples of the 1907 NSW Emergency printings owing to the fact that New South Wales ran out of stamp printing paper and was forced to use paper sent from Melbourne. Ten postage and five postage due stamps were printed on the Victorian paper, many in very small numbers. All ten postage stamps were shown together with all the known watermark variations, most of which are very rare together with complete sheets of the 1/2d, 1d, and 2d on Victorian paper.
Then to finish up Andrew showed some unusual usages of the Melbourne gauge 11 perforating machines which was bought in 1902 to perforate the large format Tasmanian pictorial stamps, the two single line gauge 11 machines were widely used on Victorian and Tasmanian stamps and also occur more rarely in Western Australian stamps printed in Melbourne. The use on stamps of Queensland, New South Wales and South Australia is known but extremely rare. The display also included some of the rare compound perforations from Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. The earliest recorded date 18/10/1902 of a Victorian 1d perf.11 stamp was shown together with a Victorian 1/- of which only 20 have been recorded.
I have no doubt missed out some of the other incredible rarities on show and know that this was one of those displays that one can feel it was a great privilege to have been present at, and this was the feeling of the entire room. Ian Greig gave the vote of thanks and congratulated Andrew on such a really remarkable display.
Saturday 7th November 2015
Alan Whittaker - "Australian Air Mails 1921 to 1939"
The opening meeting of South West Group's new year welcomed seventeen members to a remarkable display given by Alan Whittaker from Romsey in Hampshire. Alan started by explaining that from the very first official air mail service in 1921 from Geraldton to Derby in Western Australia, till the outbreak of WWII many pilots created small airlines and applied for contracts to carry mail thus giving them a guaranteed income and a regular route.
It was Norman Brearley who won the contract for the Western Australia route and he formed Western Australian Airways. It was about this time that the Australian Government realised that they had no control over the companies that were setting up so they started a Civil Aviation Department within the Defence Department. This would bring both aircraft and pilots under their control just in case there was another war. They issued the pilots with licenses, the aircraft with airworthy certificates and the engineers with licenses so that they had total control.
Alan's display showed many first flight covers which included some from survey flights made by a number of companies many of which failed either through crashes, loss of pilots, losing their contract or by being taken over by other companies wanting their routes. Alan included many interesting anecdotes like the Bristol Tourer plane which had been a a first world war bomber that flew at just 70 miles an hour fullfilling a contract to fly with mail 1100 miles and pioneer routes that included stopping at cattle stations. By 1939 many of these small companies had ceased to exist and the Government needed aircraft and pilots so many were taken in for the duration of the war.
The Chairman commented on the amount of research that Alan had undertaken and for giving us all a wonderful insight to the early development of Australian Airmails. Fourteen of us then retired to the Fish Inn for supper.
Saturday 11th April 2015
Colin Mount FBSAP, FRPSL - "Our President Entertains"
Eighteen members and guests enjoyed a memorable display given by our President Colin Mount when he presented his "Our President Entertains" afternoon. It was obvious that the display would include some of his favoured Australia King George V 1d Red and the 1d Red "Buffs" were not disappointed. Colin started with Plate Proofs but then went on to show a number of the less seen varieties, which many would call "Fly Speck" varieties but do play a large part in the history of this remarkable stamp. The story of the "Rusted Cliches" and the subsequent replacement cliches were described and displayed. He explained how the two cliches were cut from the steel plate and replaced with two that are believed to have been made of copper so obviously they started to show many varieties from the first printing. Booklet panes were shown which had been made up from blocks taken from sheets. Some bisects were shown on cover and piece, these came about when a halfpenny war tax was introduced and it is thought that some of the post offices may not have had halfpenny stamps available so cut some 1d stamps in half to make up the correct payment.
The second half was a little different when Colin displayed a range of examples of King George V 1d Red Postal Stationery, this included Post Office Envelopes, Post Office Lettercards, Post Office Postal Cards, both Post Office and Stamped to Order Wrappers, Military Envelopes and Lettercards and Stamped to Order Lettersheets. He went on to change the theme with a study of the QE II Baron Studios Protrait Issue 1959 to 1962 which included complete sheets, varieties booklets and paper types. Colin then finished up with a small display of the Centenary of the Northern Territory Exploration issue the design of which was taken from a water colour painting entitled "The Overlanders" by Sir Daryl Lindsey.
Giving the vote of thanks Dr.Pat Reid said that the display had been very different from what had been expected and congratulated Colin for a very enjoyable and interesting afternoon. Then 14 of those present retired to the local Fish Inn to put the world to rights and enjoy a leisurely supper.
Saturday 7th February 2015
Ben Palmer FRPSL from Cavendish Auction Gallery
A splendid crowd of 19 members gathered at the Greyfriars Centre to see Ben Palmer’s display. Introducing him, Colin Mount reminded us that he is a distinguished philatelist, being entitled to use the initials FRPSL and APR (Australian Philatelic Researcher) after his name, as well as being a Fellow of the Royal Sydney Philatelic Society and a National Judge (both in the UK and Australia). He is also a Director of Cavendish.
Ben explained that he was an Exhibitor rather than a Collector, and he sought and bought items specifically to enhance exhibits. His first Gold Medal Collection was formed by 2006. He acknowledged that his trade contacts helped him source material.
The display was entitled “NSW Letter and Printed Matter Rates 1850-1912”. The NSW postal reforms of 1849 simplified the postage rates and the postal system. The Sydney Views were issued in three denominations: 1d for local (drop) letters; 2d for Inland Mail and 3d for Ship Letters. Supporting this we were shown town mails followed by mails to: Victoria Port Philip; Queensland; Moreton Bay; Tasmania; South Australia and Swan River (Western Australia).. These were followed by Riverina Combination covers (used because delivery was quicker) and Pacific mail to: New Zealand; Pacific Islands; Fiji; German New Guinea, New Caledonia; Samoa; Tonga and Hawaii. Asian Mail included items to: Netherlands Indies; the Phillipines; Hong Kong; China; Indo-China; India and Ceylon. Next, mail to the Middle East and Africa include items to: Algeria, Morocco; Niger (Old Calabar) Aden; Cape of Good Hope; Natal, Orange River Colony Mauritius and Réunion.
Finally he turned to mail to Great Britain (which comprised 95-98% of the total). Full prepayment was only required from 1853, so we saw a range of rates over different time spans. These included: part paid mail; mail via Marseilles (about 5 days quicker than the long sea route, though more expensive); a combination cover via Melbourne. Particular highlights were: a quadruple rate cover plus 6d Late Fee; an 1857 cover via Marseilles at the quarter ounce rate plus 6d Late Fee, redirected to Rome; an 1861 military cover countersigned but not sent via the Post Office, taxed 2d on delivery. During the Franco-Prussian War, Marseilles was closed (this was not known in Australia) and mail was diverted via Brindisi, but surcharged a single rate. He showed the only recorded amended Brindisi cachet.
The second part concentrated on Australia – Europe and the Rest of the World mail. Some mail from the Australian States has been left out as a (large) number of covers exist that have been forged or tampered with (caveat emptor!). The write-up indicates the rarity of items. France: examples were shown of different rates at different times and additive rates. From the 1870s each colony (state) was allowed to go their own way on postal rates. Between 1870 and 1891, when all the colonies joined the UPU, covers showing double rates; Registration; taxing and Late Fee are all scarce. Among the covers shown was the only recorded double example of the 1½d handstamp.
Additional material was shown going to: Netherlands; Thurn & Taxis; Bavaria; Prussia; Schleswig Holstein and Hanover. Many of these were treated as unpaid as the prepayment was not recognised. A cover to Austria was the earliest fully prepaid cover from NSW sent overseas. Additional destinations represented were: Switzerland; Sardinia; Italy; Roumania; Greece; Turkey; Portugal; Spain; Montenegro; Russia; Finland; Denmark and Sweden.
Moving to South and Central America and the Caribbean; we were shown mails to :Brazil, Dutch Guiana; Argentina; Chile; Uruguay; Bolivia; Ecuador; Paraguay; Peru , Colombia, Mexico and Panama. In the Caribbean, we were shown a cover to Nevis; a remarkably well-travelled cover to Haiti (the addressee had died, so the cover, having travelled out via San Francisco and New York, was returned via New York and the first voyage from Vancouver); mails to Jamaica, Guadeloupe and the Turks & Caicos Islands. Finally, North America. We saw the only recorded covers to Nova Scotia and British Columbia; also mails to Canada, the USA and New Brunswick including a combination cover from Great Britain to NSW to San Francisco.
Colin Mount gave the vote of thanks, commenting that as the material was written up for competition at the highest level, it was easy to follow and a great pleasure to see and enjoy.
Ben Palmer giving his display
Saturday 1st November 2014
Malcolm Price from Hurstpierpoint - "B.C.O.F. Japan from an Australian Perspective"
Malcolm Price began the afternoon meeting with his presentation on the British Colonial Occupational Forces, Japan from an Australian Perspective. The Potsdam Declaration of 26 July 1945, followed by the Japanese Surrender on 2 September 1945 set the scene for the BCOF to take control of Japan. This resulted in a varied assortment of now rare postal stationery being used, which formed the content of Malcolm’s display. There was mail to and from the vessels in the harbours around the country, POW mail, mail relating to repatriation, and associated Red Cross mail. He included examples of airmails using the flying boats, as well as examples of commercial mail accepted by the Forces, and inward mail to Japan, all forming this amazing display which had taken six years to accumulate and write up.
Ken Killeen FBSAP from Newport, IOW
"Uncommon Australian Postal History"
Ken Killeen also put up six frames of philatelic material, the first four relating to “Uncomon Australian Postal History”. Starting in Queensland, he explained how the myriad ways the receiving offices set up all over the State cancelled their mail, before it was sent to Brisbane for franking and delivery. All covers are now very scarce. Frame 2 gave examples of obliterators used in Brisbane, 1873 damaged letter marked “Received Torn, Brisbane”, and told the story of one letter which travelled 1,700 miles around the state before reaching its destination, on 400 miles away. Brisbane Railway Station was the hub where the Post Office was located, and he then showed examples of a TPO with a chain letter asking recipients to send their used stamps back in order to fund a Children’s Home.
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Last updated on 22 September 2017